What Is Collaborative Learning
The right education is the one, which is planned according to the future need. Present students are future job-seekers. The future working environment won't be the same as today and that is why collaborative learning is the major aspect that produces well trained knowledgeable and skilled individual based on various projects.
What Is Collaborative Learning?
Collaborative Learning is when two or more individuals learn something distinct together. The simplest mode of collaborative learning is mutual study. Collaborative learning may be helpful in research projects, project work and other sorts of team-based activities. In collaborative learning, individual learn new things with each other's help. It is today a very modern teaching means around the world. Teachers divide learners into groups in and colleges and schools and make them study and finish projects. Collaborative learning can be divided into online and offline. For example, you can make use of some online education tools, like ezTalks Meetings, to make an online collaborative learning.
Elements of Collaborative Learning
Positive interdependence is the fundamental element of collaborative learning. The learners should know that for that group to be strong, each one of them can put in equal amounts of efforts. It may be of no advantage to the group if just one of the learners is working hard. They should also be made to recognize that each one of them has a unique ability that they bring to the group and that the group is inadequate without them.
The second significant element of team-based learning is to enhance the children's conversation skills by encouraging face to face interaction between them. The learners should be made to explain the various elements of a subject to each other and ensure that every trainee understands what is being taught. It is their responsibility to ensure that every individual in the group is on the same level at the end of the lesson.
The size of the groups must not be huge. It is the teacher's responsibility to make the learners understand that everyone is liable to and for everyone in the group. They should be made to realise that each student is equal in the group. The teacher should monitor the students from time to time to ensure that everybody is putting in equal amounts of effort.
It is the teacher's obligation to teach the learners social skills like communication, trust-building, leadership and decision-making
The teacher should continually spend time with the group to evaluate how much improvement they have made. This will tell the leaners if they are on track or not and they will know how much more effort they require to put in.
Types of Collaborative Learning
Informal Cooperative Learning Groups
These ad-hoc groups may be organized on-the-fly as an assistant in direct teaching. Informal groups were particularly helpful in breaking up a lecture into shorter fragments interspersed with a group project. While this approach leads to less time for lecture, it will improve the amount of material retained by learners as well as their comfort working with each other.
Formal Cooperative Learning Groups
This kind of group forms the basis for greatest routine practices of cooperative learning. Groups are assembled for at least one class period and may stay together for many weeks working on extensive projects. These groups are where learners study and become comfortable applying the various techniques of working together cooperatively.
Cooperative Base Groups
Cooperative base organizations are long-term, stable groups that last for at least a year made up of individuals with distinct perspectives and aptitudes. They provide a context in which learners may support each other in academics as well as in other aspects of their lives. The group members make sure everyone is finishing their work and hold each other responsible for their contributions.
Implementing combining base groups in such a way that learners meet periodically for the duration of a course finishing cooperative learning tasks may provide the lasting support and caring that students require "to make academic progress and develop socially and cognitively in healthy habits.
Collaborative learning is not popular in many institutions. It is not even encouraged in various schools. Numerous people think that the old way of teaching is the excellent way to pass knowledge from one student to another. The fear of learners was not learning or studying or anything on their own is one of the purposes why collaborative learning is discouraged.
Another reason why institutions discourage team-based learning is significant given to high marks during exams. If people gave more importance to assignments and projects that homework and knowledge than marks obtained, collaborative learning could be implemented in our schools easily.
Therefore Collaborative learning helps students to become actively and constructively involved in the topic, to feel responsible for their learning and that of the group, to settle group conflicts amicably and to improve good teamwork skills.